The United States, Mexico and Canada have reached an agreement for the good of U.S. farmers, ranchers and agricultural companies. While agriculture has generally developed well under NAFTA, significant improvements to the agreement will allow food and agriculture to trade more equitably and increase exports of U.S. agricultural products. On December 10, 2019, the three countries reached a revised USMCA agreement. On January 29, 2020, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs Chrystia Freeland introduced the USMCA C-4 Transposition Act in the House of Commons and passed the first reading without a registered vote. On February 6, the bill passed second reading in the House of Commons by 275 votes to 28, with the Bloc Québécois voting against and all other parties voting in its favour, and it was referred to the Standing Committee on International Trade.    On 27 February 2020, the committee voted to send the bill to Parliament for third reading, without amendments. The agreement is designated differently by each signatory – in the United States, it is called the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA);   in Canada, it is officially known as the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) in English and the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (ACEUM) in French;  and in Mexico, tratado is called tratado between México, Estados Unidos y Canadé (T-MEC).   The agreement is sometimes referred to as “New NAFTA” with respect to the previous trilateral agreement for the successor, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). If imports exceed 105% of expected volume in one month, the United States could restore tariffs by 10% in the future,” the Bureau said, adding that it would review the state of the market with Canadian officials by the end of 2020. During the negotiations, Canada retained the right to protect its cultural industries and sectors such as education and health. Some resources, such as water, should also be removed from the agreement.
Canadians have failed to win free competition for U.S. government procurement. Canadian negotiators also emphasized the inclusion of a dispute resolution mechanism.  On December 12, 2019, the Mexican Senate passed the revised treaty by 107-1 votes.  On April 3, 2020, Mexico announced its readiness to implement the agreement and joined Canada, although it requested that its auto industry have additional time to comply with the agreement.  On April 3, 2020, Canada informed the United States and Mexico that it had completed its national process of ratifying the agreement.  U.S. tariffs: steel and aluminum taxes that have been imposed on important allies For the first time, the agreement is specifically aimed at agricultural biotechnology to support 21st century innovation in agriculture.